2019 articles and chapters:

Levy, Brian L. Ann Owens, and Robert J. Sampson. 2019. The Varying Effects of Neighborhood Disadvantage on College Graduation: Moderating and Mediating MechanismsSociology of Education 92(3): 269–292.

Manduca, Robert and Sampson, Robert J. 2019. Punishing and toxic neighborhood environments independently predict the intergenerational social mobility of black and white children. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (16): 7772 – 7777.

See also, Why some low-income neighborhoods are better than others, Science News and see Unpacking the power of poverty, Harvard Gazette.

2019’s Volume 2 of the Annual Review of Criminology has been published.

Sampson, Robert J. 2019. Neighborhood Effects and Beyond: Explaining the Paradoxes of Inequality in the Changing American Metropolis. Urban Studies 56: 3-32.

Nagin, Daniel S. and Robert J. Sampson. 2019. The Real Gold Standard: Measuring Counterfactual Worlds That Matter Most to Social Science and Policy.  Annual Review of Criminology 2: 123-145. 

(Reprint for personal use, any further/multiple distribution, publication, or commercial usage of this copyrighted material requires submission of a permission request addressed to the Copyright Clearance Center, http://www.copyright.com/).

See also the special issue of Social Science and MedicineRandomized Controlled Trials and Evidence-based Policy: A Multidisciplinary Dialogue.


2018 articles:

On The Theory of Race, Crime, and Urban Inequality:

Sampson, Robert J., William Julius Wilson, and Hanna Katz. 2018. “Reassessing ‘Toward a Theory of Race, Crime, and Urban Inequality’: Enduring and New Challenges in 21st Century America.” Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race 15: 13–34.


New Perspectives on Social Isolation and Everyday Segregation:

Wang, Ryan Q., Nolan Phillips, Mario Luis Small, and Robert J. Sampson. 2018. “Urban Mobility and Neighborhood Isolation in America's 50 Largest Cities.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115: 7735–7740.

See also Richard Florida on “The Segregation of Our Everyday Lives” in Atlantic CityLab. 

Lead Exposure and Environmental Inequality:

Sampson, Robert J., and Alix S. Winter. 2018. “Poisoned Development: Assessing Lead Exposure as a Cause of Crime in a Birth Cohort Followed through Adolescence.” Criminology, 1-33. 

Muller, Christopher, Robert J. Sampson, and Alix S. Winter. 2018. “Environmental Inequality: The Social Causes and Consequences of Lead Exposure. Annual Review of Sociology, 44:263–82. 

2017 articles:

Lead Exposure and Environmental Inequality:

Winter, Alix S., and Robert J. Sampson. 2017. "From Lead Exposure in Early Childhood to Adolescent Health: A Chicago Birth Cohort." American Journal of Public Health 107 (9): 1496-1501.

Sampson, Robert J. and Alix Winter. 2016. "The Racial Ecology of Lead Poisoning: Toxic Inequality in Chicago Neighborhoods, 1995-2013."  DuBois Review: Social Science Research on Race 13:2. See also, Toxic InequalityHarvard Gazette.

Race and Economic Mobility:

Sampson, Robert J., Jared Schachner, and Robert D. Mare. 2017. “Urban Income Inequality and the Great Recession in Sunbelt Form: Disentangling Individual and Neighborhood-Level Change in Los Angeles.” RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 3: 102-128.

Urban Sustainability:

Sampson, Robert J. 2017. Urban Sustainability in an Age of Enduring Inequalities: Advancing Theory and Ecometrics for the 21st-CenturyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  (Early online).   See also, To Advance Sustainability, Fight Inequality, Harvard Gazette.

2016 articles:

The Persistent Inequality of Neighborhoods, by Richard Florida, The Atlantic CITYLAB, December 6, 2016.

Chicago’s Murder Problem, New York Times, May 27, 2016.

White House Launches New MetroLab Network that Includes Collaboration Between the Boston Area Research Initiative and the City of Boston.

Ta-Nehisi Coates discusses compounded deprivation and criminal justice in The Atlantic. See The Black Family and Mass Incarceration.

Lead Exposure and Environmental Inequality:

Sampson, Robert J. and Alix Winter. 2016. "The Racial Ecology of Lead Poisoning: Toxic Inequality in Chicago Neighborhoods, 1995-2013."  DuBois Review: Social Science Research on Race 13:2.

See also, Toxic InequalityHarvard Gazette.

Race and Economic Mobility:

Sampson, Robert J.  2016. Individual and Community Economic Mobility in the Great Recession Era: The Spatial Foundations of Persistent Inequality.  Pp. 261-287 in Economic Mobility: Research and Ideas on Strengthening Families, Communities and the EconomySt. Louis, MO: Federal Reserve Bank .

Sampson, Robert J.  2016.  The Characterological Imperative: On Heckman, Humphries, and Kautz’s The Myth of Achievement Tests: The GED and the Role of Character in American Life.   Journal of Economic Literature 54(2): 493–513.   

2015 articles:

Mixed-Income Neighborhoods and Inequality:

Perkins, Kristin L. and Robert J. Sampson. 2015.  Compounded Deprivation in the Transition to Adulthood: The Intersection of Racial and Economic Inequality among Chicagoans, 1995-2013."RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences. 1 (1): 35-54.   See also: Electing to Ignore the Poorest of the Poor. By Eduardo Porter, New York Times, November 17, 2015.

Sampson, Robert J., Robert D. Mare, and Kristin L. Perkins.  2015.  Achieving the Middle Ground in an Age of Concentrated Extremes: Mixed Middle-Income Neighborhoods and Emerging AdulthoodANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 660: 156-174.

Sampson, Robert J. 2015.  Move Up or Out? Confronting Compounded Deprivation.   Discussion 15 in NYU’s The Dream Revisited series (with responses by Richard Florida, Rosanne Haggerty, and Michael Stoll).   

 See also:

Electing to Ignore the Poorest of the Poor. By Eduardo Porter, New York Times, November 17, 2015.

 Obama Administration to Unveil Major New Rules Targeting Segregation across U.S.  Washington Post, July 8, 2015.     

 Who Will Pay the Political Price for Affordable Housing?   New York Times, July 15, 2015.

 Chicago Public Radio (July 9, 2015), HUD Stepping up Efforts to Integrate Neighborhoods.


Sampson, Robert J. 2015.  Immigration and America’s Urban Revival.  American Prospect (July, 21-25).

See also:

            America’s Leading Immigrant Cities,  Atlantic CityLab.       

            Donald Trump: Wrong on Immigration and Crime.  Chicago Magazine.

            Trump and the Myth of Immigrant Crime.   Chicago Tribune, July 4, 2015.

Disorder and “Broken Windows:”

O’Brien, Daniel and Robert J. Sampson. 2015.  Public and Private Spheres of Neighborhood Disorder: Assessing Pathways to Violence Using Large-Scale Digital Records.   Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 52: 486-510.

See also: Private Conflict, Public Disorder, and Crime.  Pacific Standard.

O’Brien, Daniel, Robert J. Sampson, and Christopher Winship. 2015.  Ecometrics in the Age of Big Data: Measuring and Assessing ‘Broken Windows’ Using Large-scale Administrative RecordsSociological Methodology 45: 101-147.

2014 articles:


Hwang,  Jackelyn and Robert Sampson.  2014. Divergent Pathways of Gentrification: Racial Inequality and the Social Order of Renewal in Chicago NeighborhoodsAmerican Sociological Review 79: 726-751.   

See also:

             "A New View of Gentrification: Stark Findings in Google-enabled Study of Chicago Neighborhoods.”  Harvard Gazette.

"Gentrification and the Persistence of Poor Minority Neighborhoods." The Atlantic CITYLAB.

Why aren’t Chicago Neighborhoods Gentrifying?  WBEZ in Chicago examines gentrification in a 10-part series, There Goes the Neighborhood.

"In Chicago, Neighborhoods That Are More Black Don't Gentrify."  NPR, Code Switch.

“Google Street View shows that Gentrification in Chicago has Largely Bypassed Poor Minority Neighborhoods, Reinforcing Urban Inequality.”  The LSE American Politics and Policy Blog.

"Even Scientists Are Using Google Street View to Measure Gentrification." Gizmodo.

"Is Your Neighborhood Gentrifying? Check Google Street View."  Wall Street Journal, Digits.

"Gentrification: white people following white people." The Boston Globe.

"Why and How Chicago Neighborhoods Gentrify--and When." Chicago Magazine.